Iran approves Comprehensive Disability Act

TEHRAN, Jun.11 (MNA) – Iran’s Gholamhosein Dehghani has told a UN meeting that Iran has worked to bring better conditions to people with disabilities.

The report addressed to the Eighth Session of the Conference ‎of States Parties to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities by Mr. Dehghani, Ambassador and Deputy Permanent Representative of the Islamic ‎Republic of Iran to the United Nations on June 10.  

the following is full text of the speech:

‎Mr. President, ‎

At the outset, let me congratulate you and your vice chairs on your election ‎for presiding over this important annual meeting and wish you every success in ‎leading this conference.‎

Today, nearly one billion persons in the world are living with disabilities and ‎‎80 percent of them are living in the developing countries which redouble the ‎importance of mainstreaming disability in the reduction of poverty and inequality ‎at all levels.‎

Poverty and ignorance create acute inequality especially among vulnerable ‎people like persons with disabilities. Therefore, empowerment and education as ‎well as entrepreneurship and employment are inevitable, especially for persons ‎with disabilities around the world.‎

the Islamic Republic of Iran with a new government in power for some two ‎years has adopted just last month with a cabinet approval of a new ‎comprehensive legal framework for persons with disabilities in Iran which consists ‎of 11 chapters and 63 articles some of which needs parliament's consent.‎

The new comprehensive disability act aims mainly at reducing inequality as ‎well as poverty for persons with disabilities across the nation. The new ‎comprehensive act covers a wide variety of issues and services including among ‎others, accessible cities, quality rehabilitation and medical services, insurance ‎coverage, sports, education and higher education, entrepreneurship and jobs, ‎judicial services and prevention policies.‎

The government of the Islamic Republic of Iran gives a high priority to ‎empowerment for persons with disabilities and it would not be realized without ‎education and training. Higher education and vocational training are two major ‎tools to make persons with disabilities, eligible for appropriate jobs throughout ‎the country so the entrepreneurs are able to offer them the job they deserve.‎

Moreover, the government furnishes the entrepreneurs with incentives if ‎they offer modern trainings and cutting edge technology and equipment which ‎can empower persons with disabilities and make them competent for the job ‎market. Article nine of the new comprehensive disability act of Iran stipulates that ‎all entrepreneurs who import required equipment and materials for pre-‎employment training of persons with disabilities will be exempted from import taxes ‎and levies.‎

‎ ‎As women with disabilities are more vulnerable to discrimination and other ‎abuses in the job market, a special attention has been paid to them in the policy ‎making for persons with disabilities in Iran. According to the first national report ‎of the Islamic Republic of Iran on the implementation of the convention to the ‎committee on the rights of persons with disabilities in December 2013, many ‎measures have been taken for the empowerment of women with ‎disabilities. Reinforcement of special education, cultural and sport centers ‎for women by supporting pre-vocational training for school girls with special ‎needs and advocating vocational training for girls in high schools are among the ‎measures adopted by the government of the Islamic Republic of Iran.‎

‎ ‎Mr. President,‎

‎‎We believe that new opportunities including sport should be provided to ‎the persons with disabilities to re-empower them and eventually reintegrate them ‎in to their own societies and communities as successful persons with a new face of ‎life.‎

‎ ‎‎Nowadays, In Iran, on the anniversary of the national Paralympics day, every ‎year, around 30,000 people with disabilities, about half of whom are women, are ‎introduced to different Para-sports.‎

Last year Mrs. Zahra Nemati, the first ever Iranian woman who won gold ‎medal in Paralympics was invited to the UN where she spoke on the ‎empowerment of persons with disabilities through sports. We are pleased that ‎she was then after was nominated by international Paralympics committee and ‎selected by the foundation for global sports for development as one of the ‎eighteen athletes in excellence award winners. She then started an NGO in Iran for ‎the empowerment of persons with disabilities through sport. She is now aiming at ‎a higher ambition and participating the qualifying phase of the Olympic Games ‎‎2016 to participate both Olympic and Paralympics in archery.   ‎

‎Mr. President

In parallel to the governmental efforts, it is worth mentioning that the ‎Iranian non-governmental society of persons with disabilities had great ‎achievements both in quantity and quality during the past 3 decades. The number ‎of NGOs and charities which are active on the rights of persons with disabilities is ‎growing and the awareness rising among the public is on a rise, while defending ‎the rights of persons with disabilities in different fora.‎

In closing Mr. President,‎

We believe that the appropriate inclusion of the rights of persons with disabilities ‎in the post-2015 development agenda is an imperative which should be taken ‎seriously in to consideration by the international community and in crafting the ‎relevant indicators we call upon all stakeholders to include persons with mental ‎and neurological disabilities and leave no one behind.‎ ‎


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