Iran-made nanofluids improve heat exchangers efficiency

TEHRAN, Jul. 22 (MNA) – Iranian researchers produced a new type of nanofluids that highly improve efficiency of heat exchangers used in oil refineries and other large chemical processes.

Reduction in or optimization of energy consumption is nowadays very important due to the limited sources of fossil fuels. Therefore, heat exchanger designers believe that even tiny changes can result in the reduction of the fuel consumption in these devices. According to Iran Nanotechnology Initiative Council (INIC), the main objective of this research was to improve thermal-hydraulic efficiency of metallic nanofluids as the fluid used in heat exchangers with a spiral path.

In the research, the performance of three metallic nanofluids of copper/water, iron/water and silver/water was studied inside a stirring spiral heat exchanger, and it has been compared to the behavior of water. The application of metallic nanoparticles in water significantly increases thermal conductivity and it improves the efficiency of the heat exchanger.

Based on the test results, copper/water nanofluid has a better thermal efficiency in similar conditions in comparison with other fluids. Increasing stirrer speed also increases thermal efficiency of the heat exchanger too.

The obtained results can be used in indirect pipes in gas and petroleum industries, petrochemical units, air conditioners, automotive and foodstuff.

Results of the research have been published in Chemical Engineering Research and Design, vol. 109, 2016, pp. 53-64.


News Code 118276


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