TEHRAN, May 20 (MNA) – The three-day International Congress on the Persian Gulf began here on May 19 at the National Library of Iran.


Several scholars including Former Majlis speaker Gholam-Ali Haddad-Adel, Iranology Foundation Chairman Hassan Habibi, Iran National Library and Archives (INLA) Director Ali-Akbar Ash’ari, and several foreign guests attended the opening ceremony.


Secretary of the congress Mohsen Tehranizadeh first gave a report on the previous seminars on Persian Gulf and said, “The Iranology Foundation regards any change, interference, or possession in historical names and maps, even if there is no political motive behind it, a harmful act toward world peace.


“The foundation believes that all world scholars are interested in peace and believe in respecting the national identity of countries and think that this can be resolved through dialogues rather than unusual acts. That is why the foundation thought of holding the congress via reviewing ancient and contemporary history and geography of Iran and the social, political, economic, and regional issues of the Persian Gulf region,” he remarked.


He added that based on historical documents, Persian Gulf is a name that has endured, can be traced back to the oldest sources and is closely linked with the nation of Iran.


Some believe that Persian Gulf is the cradle of world civilizations. The ancient residents of this region were the first human beings who learned how to navigate and invented ships that connected east and west, Tehranizadeh explained.


He later pointed to the sources which bear the name of Persian Gulf and said, “Both Arab and Iranian Muslim Scholars have mentioned the name ‘Persian Gulf’ in their books, the primary source being Istakhri’s “Al-Masalik al-Mamalik” (The Book of Roads and Kingdoms).”


“This congress aims to discuss the name ‘Persian Gulf’ with all the honesty and frankness, based on geographical and historical maps to establish that this name has not been distorted over the years since the Achaemenid era until the Qajar dynasty,” he continued.


Tehranizadeh later said that over 380 articles from across the country and 60 articles from 12 other countries were submitted to the secretariat, adding, “Over 140 Iranian and 37 foreign articles were selected for the congress.”


All the articles indicated the fact that the academic community, especially young Iranian researchers, are interested in Iranian issues and demonstrated their valuable talent which can be of help developing the country, he concluded.


Professor Mohammad-Hassan Ganji, Hassan Habibi, and Haddad-Adel also gave short speeches at the program.








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