TEHRAN, May 5 (MNA) -- The Persian Gulf is an extension of the Indian Ocean located between Iran and the Arabian Peninsula. Historically and internationally it is only recognized as the Persian Gulf.

There is no dispute over the official name of the Persian Gulf among geographers or in international organizations like the United Nations.


Over the course of history, it has been called the Pars Sea, Pars Gulf, Fars Sea, Fars Gulf, or Bahre (Sea) Fars, all meaning Persian Sea or Persian Gulf.


However, certain Arab countries and a few Western states and media outlets have now begun using the false names the “Arabian Gulf” and “The Gulf” for this body of water.


It seems that Western officials and media outlets are not using its real name, the Persian Gulf, in order to please a certain set of prejudiced Arab leaders.


And certain regional Arab states have been taking advantage of the fact that Iran has frosty relations with the West.


First they started using the false name for the Persian Gulf and then they backed the United Arab Emirates’ ownership claims to the three Iranian islands of Abu Mousa and the Greater and Lesser Tunbs. For example, the UAE first made ownership claims over Abu Mousa Island but then extended this to include the Greater and Lesser Tunbs. In the future, they may feel bold enough to claim other places!


According to historians, in ancient times, when the scientific study of geography began, the Persian Sea was cited as one of the world’s four seas.


Considering the historical background of the name Persian Gulf, Sir Arnold Wilson says in a book published in 1928:


“No water channel has been so significant as Persian Gulf to the geologists, archaeologists, geographers, merchants, politicians, excursionists, and scholars whether in past or in present. This water channel which separates the Iran Plateau from the Arabia Plate, has enjoyed an Iranian identity since at least 2200 years ago.”


According to the United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names, during the Achaemenid era (about 550-331 BC), when the first Persian Empire stretched from the Nile to the Indus, the name the Pars Sea was widely used in ancient texts.


Hundreds of years later on April 29, 1602, Shah Abbas, a Persian emperor of the Safavid dynasty, expelled the Portuguese from Bahrain, and that date is commemorated in Iran as National Persian Gulf day.


In light of these historical facts, any attempt to invent a bogus name for the Persian Gulf is ridiculous and an insult to Iranians, geographers, and historians.


The countries and media outlets that use this false name have discredited themselves.


Any attempt to arbitrarily change the historical name of a geographical location is totally unacceptable.


(May 5 Tehran Times Opinion Column)





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