Army concerned with ‘JCPOA effect’ on defensive achievements

TEHRAN, Aug. 08 (MNA) – Chief of Staff of the Iranian Armed Forces has issued a statement where he actually mentions the ‘positive sides of the deal’ gone unnoticed by common analysis of the deal.

Maj. Gen. Hassan Firouzabadi’s statement, published on Saturday, however emphasized that the Armed Forces ‘most pressing concern’ had been possible impact of the JCPOA on achievements and progress made in defense sector, and misinterpretation of the provisions of the deal by the US officials about the sanctions targeting other sectors beyond nuclear industry.

The statement considers in 16 cases, some positive sides of the deal which the statement believed had gone unnoticed in mainstream analysis of JCPOA.  

“The defensive strategy of the Islamic Republic of Iran has never lent a place to unconventional weapons including nuclear weapons; nevertheless, the US and Zionist regime officials would take the ground with Iran being nuclear threat to turn the tide in line with their own interests,” said the statement, “as someone who receives expert advice on nuclear deal, I would explain some parts of the JCPOA which have garnered little attention and coverage, as my appreciation of the negotiators’ good offices and their honest conduct in few recent years,” Firouzabadi said in the statement.

“The first important point is that the Resolution 2231 has not been issued under Chapter Seven of the UN Charter; any binding decision by the UN falls under this chapter; in the current conduct of the UN, it has been generally accepted that decisions bearing the defining adjective ‘binding’ would fall under this chapter,” the statements adds.

“The second important point is that the Resolution 2231 does not base the issues of Article 39 of the Charter on provisions of Chapter 7 of the Charter, which addresses ‘threat to and violation of peace,” statement continues.

“Resolution 2231 demands that all countries, regional and international organizations to facilitate the implementation of JCPOA, which promotes a shift of mentality toward Iran from that of restrictive and hostility to that of cooperation and resolving the issues,” and “Resolution’s setting a timetable for ending sanctions and implementation of the JCPOA is unprecedented in half-a-century history of the UN Security Council,” it asserted.

“The tone of the Resolution shows a drastic change, from an imperious tone to recommendatory and request tone; this is obvious especially in missile sanctions and inspections of Iranian ships and planes; the Resolution would cease to effect in case sanctions snap back, and would not be added to previous resolutions; this is significant that Resolution 2231 recognizes Iran’s position on the text itself on returning back to previous mode of nuclear activity should sanctions snap back; this is quite an achievement for Iran, since it is a target country which manages to secure its position in the resolution,” says the statement in its 5th, 6th and 7th points.

“The UN Security Council could only issue vote of ‘Nay’ to the decisions coming out of a JCPOA-related commission; otherwise, the joint commission’s decisions will remain effective within 5 days of non-objection by the Security Council; before JCPOA, Iran had not been accepted in sanctions committee 1737; however, Resolution 2231 discredits sanctions committee 1737 with removing sanctions subject of previous resolutions, giving Iran right to participation in the joint commission and vote,” it asserted.

“Modernizing Arak heavy water complex and selling more than 300kg of enriched uranium to Iran would not be subject to current and previous sanctions of the UN Security Council, with restrictions on selling plane parts to Iran being only in special cases,” continued the statement in 11th points.

“The Resolution does not mandate a report of sanctions implementation by governments in the second appendix, while in the previous sanctions regime, all countries should have provided a report on implantation of tetralogy of sanctions regime to sanctions committee 1737; this shows the reduced nature of restrictions to a considerable degree,” statement said.

“Iran merely recognizes itself committed to JCPOA provisions and any provisions going against the content of the JCPOA in the resolution cease to hold credit by Iranian view; it is significant that Iran would leave no legitimacy for sanctions against itself,” the statement counted as 13th ‘positive point’ it detected as unnoticed.  

“UN Security Council’s previous sanctions, according to second appendix of the Resolution, have been reduced to ‘extended restrictions,’ which are subject to approval by the Security Council; in fact, a day has been set as the last day of sanctions against Iran; while any sanctions regime by tradition had only ended by the collapse of the political regime of the countries or surrender of the target countries; Iran however secured its rights in debates with the 5+1, including rights to enrichment, which would be normal activity by passing of a certain amount of time,” the statement argued.

“The principle of ‘correspondence of reciprocal commitments’ is recognized in the JCPOA, which effectively makes the commitment implementation step-by-step; the voluntary nature of the JCPOA is also a laudable achievement,” it said.

“The last but not the least is non-weapons grade nuclear cooperation which attracted little attention; the 5+1 as well as other countries will cooperate with Iran in its non-military nuclear projects in security and nuclear safety; this would mean that Iran’s nuclear industry will continue to be active by the aid from the international community,” it concluded.


News Code 109108


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